Record Type: Photograph
Photograph #: 45315
Caption: Portrait of Reichsminister Constantin Freiherr von Neurath.
One of a collection of portraits included in a 1939 calendar of Nazi officials.
Biography: Constantin Freiherr von Neurath (1873-1956), German foreign minister (1932-1938) and Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1941). Von Neurath entered the foreign service in 1901. He served in various consular posts until 1932, when he was appointed foreign minister in Franz von Papen's cabinet. At President Hindenburg's insistence, von Neurath was retained in this position under the von Schleicher government and the Hitler regime. Because of his reluctance to pursue Hitler's aggressive foreign poilcy, von Neurath was dismissed from his post in 1938. He was named Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia and was responsible for dissolving the Czech parliament and political parties, abolishing freedom of the press, and instituting the Nuremberg Race Laws. In 1941 von Neurath was replaced by Reinhard Heydrich and made an SS general (Obergruppenfuehrer). At Nuremberg, he was sentenced to 15 years in prison. He was released in 1954 due to ill health and died in 1956.
[Sources: Wistrich, Robert, "Who's Who in Nazi Germany." MacMillan, 1982; Gutman, Israel. "Encyclopedia of the Holocaust." MacMillan, 1990.]
Photo Designation: NAZI OFFICIALS/PERSONALITIES OF THE THIRD REICH -- Gauleiter Calendar Portraits
Keyword: ABADI (MARCEL) NETWORK, CALENDARS, CLOSE-UPS, NAZI OFFICIALS, NEURATH, CONSTANTIN FREIHERR VON
Photo Source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Copyright: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Provenance: Geoffrey Giles
Photo Credit: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Geoffrey Giles